Schengen is in full swing. Its evolution is influenced by numerous factors, including the parallel policy-making process in the Third Pillar, controversies between Schengen partners regarding drugs policy, and regional internal security problems which demand a tailor-made approach. The Schengen partnership is thus under pressure to expand its capacity in terms of macro-security as well as micro-security. On the one hand, this requires the deepening of cooperation in the form of bilateral and multilateral agreements, whilst on the other hand it implies the widening of its membership and adjusting to newly arising security situations at the external borders.
This volume contains the proceedings of the 5th Schengen Colloquium that was held on 23 and 24 January 1997 at EIPA in Maastricht. Two major themes were selected, namely judicial cooperation and drugs policy. Prominent insiders provide us with an interesting insight into the Schengen policy-making process in both of these fields. In the field of judicial cooperation (which still lags far behind police cooperation), readers are offered various perspectives, some of which emanate from the European institutions (the European Commission and the Council Secretariat), and others from practitioners and academics. The creation of a European Judicial Space, a network of magistrates, a European Prosecution Service, "exporting" the National Magistrate model as found in Belgium, or a system of liaison magistrates on a bilateral basis ... which provides the best solution for effective judicial cooperation in Europe? As far as drugs policy is concerned, we sometimes forget that the approach is not always a repressive one. Amidst international controversy, the Dutch authorities maintain that a preventive, health-oriented approach may be more successful than a repressive one. However, at the level of practical police cooperation, solutions are found in more intensive controls along the motorway where the drugs are being transported, and in regional multi-agency cooperation across the borders.
Significant contributions in this volume concern the incorporation of Schengen into the new Treaty of Amsterdam and the problem of differentiated integration, the enlargement of the Schengen group (i.e. the accession of the Nordic states), the transparency and accountability of Schengen, the development of multilateral and bilateral agreements, and the latest developments concerning visa and asylum policy. Last but not least, the volume contains a comprehensive overview of the Third Pillar decisions made before 30 June 1997.